See if you can answer the following math questions. Then read the Math Review section after it.

**a.** Given **a = bc**, what is **a** if **b = 10** and **c = 11**? Answer:

**b.** Given **a = bc**, what is **b** if **a = 15** and **c = 3**? Answer:

**c.** Given **a = bc**, what is **c** if **a = 18** and **b = 3**? Answer:

**d.** Given **a = bc** and **d = ab**, what is **d** if **b = 1** and **c = 3**? Answer:

**e.** Given **a = bc** and **d = ab**, what is **d** if **a = 4** and **c = 4**? Answer:

There are no math prerequisites beyond those used in shopping and that which allow you to balance your checkbook most of the time. Nevertheless, some students get very anxious about any math at all. So we want to show you here just what you need to know before entering this class.

**1. The Multiplication Table**. Many years ago you encountered multiplication for the first time. Although we have the power of today's calculators, the following basic results should be part of your general knowledge.

x | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

1 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 |

2 | 2 | 4 | 6 | 8 | 10 | 12 | 14 | 16 | 18 | 20 | 22 | 24 |

3 | 3 | 6 | 9 | 12 | 15 | 18 | 21 | 24 | 27 | 30 | 33 | 36 |

4 | 4 | 8 | 12 | 16 | 20 | 24 | 28 | 32 | 36 | 40 | 44 | 48 |

5 | 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | 25 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 45 | 50 | 55 | 60 |

6 | 6 | 12 | 18 | 24 | 30 | 36 | 42 | 48 | 54 | 60 | 66 | 72 |

7 | 7 | 14 | 21 | 28 | 35 | 42 | 49 | 56 | 63 | 70 | 77 | 84 |

8 | 8 | 16 | 24 | 32 | 40 | 48 | 56 | 64 | 72 | 80 | 88 | 96 |

9 | 9 | 18 | 27 | 36 | 45 | 54 | 63 | 72 | 81 | 90 | 99 | 108 |

10 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 | 100 | 110 | 120 |

11 | 11 | 22 | 33 | 44 | 55 | 66 | 77 | 88 | 99 | 110 | 121 | 132 |

12 | 12 | 24 | 36 | 48 | 60 | 72 | 84 | 96 | 108 | 120 | 132 | 144 |

Many quantitative questions you enounter in this course are designed with the above multiplication table in mind. If you have the above fundamental math facts memorized, you can concentrate on the science and not be burdened with fumbling around for a calculator. Below are two examples.

Courtesy snowboy, eBay |

Did you figure out that she can buy 12 cars and that she receives $1.00 in change? This question is actually more difficult than the typical one you encounter in this course since she receives change. Something more characteristic of our course reduces to a question like this: given a = b x c where a = 24 and c = 2, what is b? The answer is 12. Note that if we write a = bc, it is implied that we mean b multiplied by c.

Our buyer was careful not to let children play with these cars since the paint they used back in the 1950s contained lead.

**3. Investment**. Again, back in the 1970s our buyer is out looking for ** Barclay** cars. She has $20.00 and finds another dealer selling the cars for only $1.00 each. Little does she know that her descendant, namely you, will inherit these cars and be able to sell EACH of them on

Here is the answer. First you figure out that our original buyer purchases 20 cars since $20/$1 = 20. Remember that the cars cost $1.00 each. Then you sell each car years later for $20. Therefore, you take in $20 x 20 = $400 in cash from the sales. The family earns $400 - $20 = $380 on its investment, neglecting inflation. On July 31, 2001, the cars and truck pictured above, auctioned by ** snowboy (706)** on