I'm about to finish up the trigonometry chapter in my algebra 2 book, but there is something on the test that I've never seen in the book before.

There is a right triangle, XYZ (X at the top, Y at the bottom right, Z at the bottom left with Z as the right angle) with {side x as the adjacent, side y as the opposite and side z as the hypotenuse}. The equations are: (one over Sec X equals Cos X) and (Sin squared X plus Cos squared X equals one). The only directions are to use Triangle XYZ to derive the identities. If you know what this means, please explain it simply and maybe with an example or two. Thanks!