Can someone help me sort this problem out as a formula, while explaining the reasoning? Also, could someone classify what kind of word problem this is? Thanks!
A thief steals a number of rare plants from a nursery. On the way out, the thief meets three security guards, one after another. To each security guard, the thief is forced to give one-half the plants that he still has, plus 2 more. Finally, the thief leaves the nursery with 1 lone palm. How many plants were originally stolen?