The first step is to check for any common factors
, and then factor them out front
. In your case, the polynomial is:. . . . .
The terms factor as:. . . . .. . . . .. . . . .
Can you see the common factor? Take that out front.
Then check to see if what's left inside the parentheses (what you took the common factor of out) factors
. (In this case, it does not.)