square ABCD sides 10cm; 4 arcs drawn; find shaded area  TOPIC_SOLVED

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square ABCD sides 10cm; 4 arcs drawn; find shaded area

Postby maggiemagnet on Mon Feb 16, 2009 7:01 pm

The picture in the book shows a square, with corners named A, B, C, and D (going counter-clockwise from the lower left). If you think of putting one tip of a compass at A, the other at B, and then drawing the quarter-circle through the inside of the square, that would be one of the arcs. Now do the same thing at the other three corners, and then shade the curvy-sided "square" in the middle.

I have to find the area of that middle part. I can find the area when there are two arcs making sort of a "canoe" shape, but what do I do with four arcs? Thanks.
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Postby stapel_eliz on Mon Feb 16, 2009 7:48 pm

On the drawing, split the square in half by drawing a vertical line through the middle. From the top of the shaded portion, where the vertical crosses, draw a line down to the corner at B. This is a right triangle, having base 5 (being half of the side-length) and hypotenuse 10 (because its also a radius line of the circle centered at B). What is the length of the other leg, being the height of the triangle?

Note that the segment from the top of this triangle down to A has the same length. If we label the top of the original triangle as "X", what sort of triangle is AXB? So what is the measure of angle ABX? What portion of the circle does this represent? So what is the area of the contained wedge?

Take the wedge ABX and subtract out the triangle AXB. This leaves you with a curvy-sided slice.

You know the measure of angle ABX. What then is the measure of XBC? What is the area of this sector?

If you subtract the curvy-sided slice from this sector area, you will get one-fourth of the area outside of the shaded part. So what is the total area of the unshaded part? Given the total area of the square, what is the shaded area?

Whew! :shock: :D
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Re: square ABCD sides 10cm; 4 arcs drawn; find shaded area

Postby maggiemagnet on Tue Feb 17, 2009 6:30 pm

I'd have never come up with that! :shock: :lol:
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